What are Statements of Financial Statements?

Financial statements are written records that document an organisation’s business operations and financial performance. They are usually examined by accounting firms, government agencies companies and others. To ensure their accuracy, as well as to serve as a source of financing, tax or investment reasons. Statements of financial position

contain the

  • Balance sheet
  • Statement of income
  • Statement of Cash Flow

Key Takeaways

  • Financial statements are documents that document the activities of a business and financial performance of an organization.
  • The balance sheet gives an overview of stockholders’ liabilities, assets and equity as a time-lapse snapshot.
  • The income statement concentrates on a business’s earnings and expenses for a certain time. After subtracting expenses from revenue, the report generates a profit figure for the company known as net income.
  • A cash flow report (CFS) evaluates the extent to which the company can generate cash to cover its debts, pay their operating expenditures, and fund investments.
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The fundamentals of financial statements

Let’s now take a look at the fundamentals of financial statements as well as an example that is practical.

  1. Balance Sheet

A balance sheet can be described as a financial report that gives a quick overview of the liabilities, assets and shareholder’s equity. A majority of businesses use the shareholder equity as an independent financial statement. It is usually included along with the balance sheet.

The formula you have to keep in mind when you create the budget is as follows:

Capital = Assets + Liabilities Shareholder Equity

Under current assets You can think about accounts receivable, cash and rent paid and so on. Under other assets, you can set up plant, equipment buildings, equipment, etc.

The concept is to follow a pattern of liquids from higher to lower liquid.

However, you can also consider you can also think about accounts payable, notes payable and income tax payable outstanding salaries, etc. As a long-term/non-current liability, you can consider long-term debt.

The balance sheet is often very complicated. Accounting professionals must ensure that each report is correctly prepared to ensure that all asset value always match the total liabilities and shareholders equity.

Statement of income

A profit and loss statement, also known as a the profit and loss (P&L) statement, is a report of your company’s profit and losses throughout a given time. It is possible to prepare your statement every month, quarterly or even annually. After you have decided on your date, breakdown your company’s revenues and expenses in the statement.

A profit statement is a way to determine the level of performance your business has been performing over time. It shows the financial performance of your company.

Check the bottom line of an income statement to determine if you are making a net profit and a net loss. This indicates whether your company’s net income was positive or negative over time.

Utilize the following formula to calculate your business’s net profits (or net loss) and assist you in determining where to get the information to prepare your income statement:

Net Profit = (Revenue COGS) + Expenses

The income statements are made up of several parts.

If you’re interested in knowing how to prepare an financial statement, have a note of the components in the financial information.


Cost of products sold (COGS)

Gross profit

Operating costs

Total cost

Net income before tax

Taxes on income


Net Profit or Net Loss

How do you utilize your income statement

There are numerous ways to utilize an income statement to make business-related choices, such as:

Products You can determine which items for sale are the most profitable and the least. Also, check for expenses that you could cut down or remove.

Budget The income statement to determine whether you are in excess or under your budget for business. The report shows the amount of money you’ve left after paying your expenses. The leftover cash to increase the size of your company, pay yourself and other owners, or settle debt. If you have no cash left, look for ways to alter your budget.

Financing The lenders, investors, and even vendors are often looking to examine your company’s income statement. Financial reports help them determine the risks involved in working with your business

Statement of cash flow

Moving on to the final among the three most popular financial statements is The cash flow statement. What is the cash flow statement? In simple terms, it is a way to measure the amount of money that flows in and out of your company in a given time. The balance sheet checks the amount of cash you have in your account. You can update the cash flow statement regularly, on a weekly basis or every month.

Your cash flow statements starts with your initial cash balance. After that, you should include outflows and cash inflows.

Follow the formula below to assist you in setting up your cash flow statements:

Final Cash Balance= Investments + Operations + Financing