Home Equity Loan

What is Home Equity Loan

The home equity loan is the loan available by you in exchange for the equity in the property. A kind of credit for consumer use, a home equity loan is also referred to in the form of equity loans, also known as a second mortgage or a home equity interest-only loan. It can be used for any reason and can be used against residential and non-residential properties. The amount of the loan is calculated based on the market value at present for the home.


To be eligible for an equity loan for your home, you must ensure you have a great credit score, and a reasonable ratio of loan-to-value and combined loan-to-value.

Types of Home Equity Loans

There are two kinds that home equity loans can be found. They are:

Fixed-rate loans

Home Equity Lines of Credit (HELOC)

Fixed-Rate Loan

Fixed-rate loans allow one lump-sum payment to the borrower. The loan can be paid back over a specific time with the agreed-upon interest rate. The interest rate doesn’t change based on market conditions and stays the same throughout the life of the loan.

Home Equity Line of Credit (HELOC)

Home Equity Line of Credit (HELOC) is a variable rate loan that functions similarly to how credit cards function. Also known as HELOC, the home equity loan type allows you to take out a portion of the pre-approved amount provided by the lender. The loan is offered in a bundle with credit cards that allow you to withdraw money from the loan, or by cheques.

Monthly payments will be based on the amount you borrowed and the rate of interest. Similar to a credit card you are able to re-borrow the amount that you pay back. HELOC has a predetermined term like fixed-rate loans. That means, at the expiration of the loan, the entire outstanding amount is due to be paid.

How a Home Equity Loan Works

Home equity financing operates similarly to a mortgage. In both instances the house serves as collateral. In the case of a mortgage on your home, the amount for a loan can be up to 90 percent of the home’s market value. For the home equity loan, you turn the equity of the property into money. The repayment will comprise principal and interest payments.

Benefits of Home Equity Loan

They are easy to qualify for since these are loans based on collateral. You can get approval for the loan even if you have low credit scores because it is a secured loans.

It helps you make use of the financial worth of the asset.

This helps to cover any significant expenses you might have because the loan amount is paid to you in one lump amount.

It helps plan and manage expenses better since the interest rate remains constant throughout the term.

Benefits of Home Equity Line of Credit (HELOC)

You can only borrow a portion from the limit that is in line with your requirements.

It is an revolving credit facility that allows you to borrow the amount of your loan.

Perfect for payments that need to be paid in stages because you can withdraw the money in installments.

The interest is only charged on the loan amount.

How to Calculate Home Equity

These loans can be granted by lenders after analyzing their equity in the home. The home equity in simpler words is the difference in what is the worth of your property and the obligations that are due to the house. The formula is:

Equity = The current value of the home – the amount that remains unpaid for the loan

For instance, if you’ve bought a home valued at Rs.50 lakh and you have obtained a loan amounting to Rs.40 lakh, the equity in your home will be Rs.10 lakh. If you break it down,

Value of the home (50,00,000) Total amount due (40,00,000) is Equity (10,000)

In the next few years, let’s say that the worth of the home has been increased to Rs.75 lakh, and you’ve completed the repayment of half of the loan. There is just Rs.20 thousand in loan repayments however the worth of the home has grown. Thus the equity of the home will also rise in this instance. Its equity will be:

The value of the house at the moment (75,00,000) Total amount of loan to be paid (20,00,000) = equity (55,00,000)

As we have seen the equity of a house fluctuates from time to the. The equity of a home can decrease too. If the price of real estate is drastically down in a particular location, it will affect the value of a home in the area. This could negatively impact your house’s equity.

Be aware that if the house that you own does not have any loans, then the equity will be determined by the market value of your home.

Home Equity loans in comparison to. HELOCs

Home equity loans offer an all-in-one lump-sum amount to the borrower. This is then repaid over a specific amount of time (generally 5 to 15 years) with an agreed-upon rate of interest. The interest rate and payment remain the same throughout the duration of the loan. The loan is due in full when the house the loan is based is transferred.

A HELOC is an revolving credit line similar to credit cards. can be drawn on whenever you need to, pay back the loan, and then draw again for a period that is set by the lending institution. The period of draw (five or 10 , years) follows by a repayment time after which draws are not permitted (10 or twenty years). HELOCs generally are a variable rate of interest However, some lenders provide HELOC Fixed-rate alternatives.


Home equity loans rose in popularity following they were made popular by the Tax Reform Act of 1986 because they offered a means to help consumers get around one of the main provisions of the act, which is the removal of deductions for cost of interest on the majority of consumer purchases. The legislation left an exception to this for interest paid in the service of residential-based debt. 1

However, legislation passed in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 halted the deduction for interest on HELOCs and mortgages for home equity until 2026 unless, as per the IRS, “they are used to buy, build, or substantially improve the taxpayer’s home that secures the loan.” The interest charged on the home equity loan that is used to consolidate debts or to pay for college costs of a child, such as tuition, for example the cost of tuition, is not tax-deductible.