The typical return on stock markets has been around 10% annually for more than a century. The S&P 500 is often considered the benchmark for annual returns in the stock market. Although it is 10%, which is a standard return on the market returns from any year aren’t the average.

Here’s what new investors beginning today must know about market returns.

The typical return of stocks over the long run is around 10%, as determined by the S&P 500 index. The long-term historical average is a more realistic expectation of stock market returns compared to the 14.5 per cent annualized performance over the past ten years of the S&P 500 over the last decade, from March 31 2022.

S&P 500 Average Return

The S&P 500’s return on investment is 10.67 percent per year since its inception as a modern structure in 1957. From its first pre-modern design in 1928, the S&P 500 earned 10.22 per cent. The near-century consistency of the long-term average return is a testament to the widely-quoted “10% average return on the stock market.”

Returns and Inflation

It’s important to know that when adjusted for inflation, returns for the stock market are usually 3-4 percentage points lower than long-term averages. For instance, the return of the S&P 500 since the start of the valuation process in 1928 is 10.22 percent, whereas the return adjusted for inflation for the market from the time of valuation is 7.01 percent, according to data on

The average return for stocks with time is around 10%, as determined by the S&P 500 index. This historical average over the long term is more realistic for returns from the stock market than the 14.5 percent annualized performance over the past 10 years of the S&P 500 in the last decade, from March 31 2022.

S&P 500 Average Return

The S&P 500’s average return is 10.67 percent per year since its inception as a modern structure in 1957. Since its first pre-modern design in 1928, The S&P 500 has earned 10.22 percent. The near-century-long consistency of the long-term rate of return is the reason for the commonly quoted “10% average return on the stock market.”

Returns and Inflation

It is important to remember that inflation returns for the stock market are usually 3-4 percentage points less than long-term averages when adjusted to reflect inflation. For instance, the return of the S&P 500 from the time of its initial the market in 1928 is 10.22 percent, while the inflation-adjusted rate for the market from the time of valuation is 7.01 per cent, as stated on

Historical Stock Market Returns

Market returns can be wildly different in short-term periods like time frames of just one or two years. For longer time frames like the 10+ years, the market returns tend to be closer to the historical averages. Numerous examples from the past of volatility and market returns include the dot-com bubble, the Great Recession, and the Covid bear market.

  1. DotCom Bubble Market Returns

The dot-com bubble is the period between 1995 and 1999, during which the returns on markets, led by tech stocks, varied between 21% and 38% over the years, with an average of double to triple the annual average returns on the market of 10 percent. The dot-com collapse was an increase of 75% since the dot-com bubble’s peak in 2000 until its lowest point in 2002.

  1. Great Recession Market Returns

The economic crisis of 2008 when the market plunged by over 50% from its peak that occurred on October 7, 2007 to the bottom on March 9 2009. Even though there was three months of pressure downward on prices, the market saw a gain of 27% in 2009 and didn’t experience another year of negative performance until 2018.

  1. Covid Market Returns

In the early days of the Covid-19 pandemic most bearish bear market in the history of the world was just about to start. In less than a month between mid-February and March midway through 2020, the market dropped by more than 35%. Between March 2020 and December 2021 The S&P 500 increased by over 100%..

Measuring Stock Market Returns

When assessing returns on stock market investments, the benchmark used to measure US equity’s performance includes that of the S&P 500 index, which comprises about 500 of the most significant US stocks, defined in terms of market capitalization. This index is known as the Dow Jones Industrial Average is an “blue chip” stock benchmark, and the tech-focused Nasdaq is a growth-oriented benchmark for stocks.

Predicting Future Returns

The standard investment disclaimer states that past performance is not a assurance of future performance. However, reasonable assumptions are possible regardinstock market’s future performancemarket by analyzing long-term averages. For instance, the average historical return of markets is approximately 10 percent that is a fair estimate for a longer-term period like 10-years or longer.

Important: Although it is uncommon for the market to be performing substantially lower than its historical rate of return of 10% for a long period, like 10-years, there are indeed instances in the history of markets. For instance, “the “lost decade,” from January 2000 until December 2009, produced the S&P 500 achieving a -0.95 per cent average annual return of the S&P 500.

Using Average Return for Investors

The standard return for stocks is 10 per cent. However, not every day in the market is average and not every portfolio of investors is average. This means that investors should be prepared to accept less than 10% returns, like 8 to 7%, when forecasting future performance for their stock portfolio. Furthermore that many investors do not invest their portfolios exclusively in stocks. Therefore, it’s not wise to compare your portfolio’s performance to an asset class with distinct risk-return characteristics.

In particular, the concept of an “average return” implies that certain holding periods are higher than average while others fall below the average. Generally, the longer the holding period, the higher the chance of achieving average long-term returns. But, investors should not think they are guaranteed to achieve an average return on their investment.

Investors should consider the effects of other variables as well as the return of the market for stocks when making predictions about returns and making an investment portfolio. Other factors that affect the return of a portfolio include:

  • Compound interest
  • Risk tolerance
  • Dollar-cost averaging
  • Asset allocation
  • Diversification
  • Security selection
  • The timing of investment

What’s a Good Stock Market Return?

A decent return on stocks is the average over time of 10 percent. However, determining the best return will be based on the goals of the investor, their ability to take risks, the allocation of assets, the selection of security, the duration of the holding period, and other elements. A minimum target for returns is to exceed inflation, which typically ranges from three to four percent over time and the ideal goal is the long-term stock market’s average of 10 percent.

What Is the Cheapest Way to Invest in the S&P 500?

For the average or new investor, purchasing parts of the S&P 500 exchange-traded fund or index fund is the easiest and most affordable choice. They are stocks grouped so that their performance mirrors that of the S&P 500 index. It is not possible to be a part of index funds directly. S&P 500 directly because it is a market index, not a specific stock. Exchange-traded funds as well as index funds, are investment options that are passive that follow the S&P 500’s performance. The passive management provided by the exchange-traded funds and index funds is perfect for investors who are new to investing as you are only required to keep track of what happens to the index, not trying to select individual winners of stocks. The first step is to sign up for an account with the brokerage company. They typically have user-friendly online platforms which allow you to buy and sell all kinds of investments at a cost.