Trading Hours of the World’s Major Stock Exchanges
A stock exchange is a marketplace where the shares of companies are sold and purchased throughout the day during the ‘trading hours’. It is very important for an investor to know about the trading hours of a stockexchange because if a trade order is placed after the closing of market, it is executed on the next trading day and in the meantime, share prices can change significantly.
There are countless number of stock exchanges in the world, and their trading hours vary according to local culture and geographical conditions. Listed below are some of the world’s major stock exchanges and their trading hours.
1. NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE (NYSE) AND NASDAQ
Based in North America, the NYSE and NASDAQ are two of the largest stock exchanges in the world. The trading hours for both the exchanges are between 9.30 AM to 4 PM local time (7 PM to 1:30 AM IST). Both these markets also allow after-hours trading between 4 PM to 8 PM local time (1:30 AM to 5:30 AM IST).
1. LONDON STOCK EXCHANGE (LSE)
The LSE is one of the most prestigious and oldest stock exchanges around the globe. The trading hours for LSE are between 8 AM to 4:30 PM local time (1:30 PM to 10 PM IST).
1. SHANGHAI STOCK EXCHANGE AND SHENZHEN STOCK EXCHANGE
These two stock exchanges are based in China and their trading hours are between 9:30 AM to 3 PM local time (7 AM to 12:30 PM IST). There is a lunch break between 11:30 AM to 1 PM local time (9 AM to 10:30 AM IST) during which the market is closed for trading.
2. TOKYO STOCK EXCHANGE
Managed by the Japan Exchange Group or JPX, it is one of the most popular stock exchanges in the world. The trading hours for this exchange are from 9 AM to 3 PM local time (5:30 AM to 11:30 AM IST). The market closes for 1-hour lunch break between 11:30 AM to 12:30 PM local time (8 AM to 9 AM IST).
3. AUSTRALIAN SECURITIES EXCHANGE
The trading hours for this exchange are from 10 AM to 4 PM local time (5:30 AM to 11:30 AM IST). There is no lunch break during the market hours.
4. NATIONAL STOCK EXCHANGE (NSE) AND BOMBAY STOCK EXCHANGE (BSE)
Most of the trading in the Indian stock market takes place through the NSE and BSE. The normal trading hours for these exchanges are from 9:15 AM to 3:30 PM IST. However, the investors can also purchase stocks at their closing prices by placing orders between 3:40 PM to 4 PM.
You can trade on these major stock exchanges of the world by buying or selling stocks outright. Note that the stock markets are open for trading during the ‘trading hours’ on all working days i.e. except Saturdays, Sundays, and public holidays.
Trading Hours on Holidays
Holidays depend on the local calendar, so they are different for every location. The New York Stock Exchange closes on July 4 for Independence Day. The Singapore Stock Exchange close in early February for the Chinese New Year.
Some exchanges close for a half-day from time to time. For example, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) s open only until 1 p.m on Christmas Eve.4 The exchanges post their annual calendars well in advance.
The World’s Major Stock Exchanges by Continent
Below are some of the largest stock exchanges on Earth by market cap, grouped by continent.
Trading Hours on North America Exchanges
Trading in North America is generally based on the Eastern timezone no matter where the exchange is located. The exception is the Mexico Stock Exchange, which posts its hours in Central Time but adjusts its hours to match those of the NYSE.
The headquarters of the trading exchanges are in New York City, Toronto, and Mexico City. The westernmost time zone is Mexico City with the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV) trading within business hours of Central Standard Time (CST). However, even though the BMV trades on CST, the hours mirror those of the NYSE so, all things considered, trade is open during the same time frame.
Trading Hours in Asia and the Mideast
There are 11 time zones across Asia and its immediate neighbors, but fortunately, they synchronize their exchange hours for the sake of trade and liquidity.
Some Asian markets, including the Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) and the Tokyo Stock Exchange, (TYO), take a break for lunch.
What Is the Difference Between a Stock Exchange and the Stock Market?
A stock exchange is a marketplace or infrastructure that facilitates equity trading. The exchange is founded and managed by a corporation, private or public. It allows companies to list their stocks in its marketplace.
The term stock market refers more generally to all stocks, or to a group of stocks in a particular region, industry, or sector.
Which Major Stock Exchanges Are Closed During Lunch?
The major stock exchanges with an official lunch close are the Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE), Tokyo Stock Exchange (TYO), Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE), and the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong (SEHK).
The London Stock Exchange (LSE) and the Frankfurt Stock Exchange have a two-minute break at noon. Their traders don’t eat that fast. The mini-break is designed to protect institutional traders from high-frequency traders, whose split-second transactions can skew prices.
What Times Are the NYSE and Nasdaq Open?
The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and Nasdaq are usually open at the same hours, 9:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
Both publish annual calendars of their holidays and half-days. In 2022, the NYSE has nine full holidays and four early-closing days. The Nasdaq has the same holidays but seems to have fewer half-days